An Introduction to Hydraulic Excavators

Hydraulic excavators were introduced in the mid 1950’s and rapidly became very popular due to their low weight compared to ropeexcavatorsof similar capacity.

JCB excavators are classified by weight and the range stretches from 7 to 46 tonnes. Both tracked and wheeled excavators are available and they are used in a wide range of applications. Many options are available to allow machines to be tailored for the required application


1945 JCB founded by Joseph Cyril Bamford

1965 JCB enters a new market when its first 360 crawler excavator, the JCB 7, goes on sale

1966 Introduction of the JCB 6, 6C and 7C strengthens the JCB product range

1971 The JCB 8C, the biggest 360 o  tracked excavator to that date, is introduced

1973 JCB 806 and 807, a completely new range of tracked excavators with dual hydraulics launched and high percentage of parts interchangeability. Range expanded to include JCB 808 and 805

1974 - 78 Updated 800 series tracked excavators introduced

1984 811,812,814,818 and 820 introduced with servo controls

1988 - 89 Launch of 812, 814, 816, 818 and 820 Super hydraulic excavators

1989 The 281,750 sq.ft. site at Uttoxeter was bought to house JCB Special Products. The building was originally owned by Bamfords Limited, who manufactured agricultural machinery

1991 Launch of the JCB JS range of excavators (R3 series) in a joint venture with Sumitomo Construction Machinery (SCM)of Japan. JCB SCM based at Bamford Works, Uttoxeter

1994 Launch of the first JCBwheeled excavators, the 13 tonne JS130W and the 15 tonne JS150W

1995 Special Products moved to a new facility in Cheadle leaving JCBHeavy Products the space required to continue itsimpressive growth.

1995 Launch of the XO series JS200 and JS240, replacing the R3 models

1996 Launch of XO JS220 XD and JS260 XD demolition machines. Launch of XO JS220 and JS260 additional models to the range.

1996 Launch of XO JS130 and JS160 replacing the original R3 models (JS130 and JS150)

1997 Launch of XO range of wheeled excavators. JS130W and JS160W to replace the original (R3) models. Launch of theJS130HD, a heavy duty forestry machine. Launch of XO JS330 to replace the JS300 model. Launch of the XO JS70

1998 1,000th JS130 and JS200 tracked excavators produced. Introduction of JS tracked excavators to US market

2000  AMS (Advanced Management System) and new JZ70 introduced. JCB Heavy Products wins the Queen’s Award for Export Achievement

2001 Two new wheeled excavators - the JS145W and JS175W are launched. The new JS460 is launched - this is theheaviest machine manufactured by JCB to date

2003 The ‘New Generation’ JS200, JS210 and JS220, JCB’s most advanced excavators ever are launched at Intermat. The improvements on these machines will be cascaded down the range in the coming years.